To prevent killing young male chickens, we are in need of more feasible solutions – German agri-economist
Each year, nearly 45 million young chickens that are male killed in Germany. Their eggs are unsuitable when it comes to market. New procedures for sex recognition should make sure they’re not even bred. David Tedevosian/ Shutterstock
The managing director of the egg breeding company Seleggt Gmbh, spoke about Germany’s recent decision to allow the mass killings of young male chickens and how his company’s Seleggt process could be used as a bridging technology until more commercially viable methods are found in an interview with EURACTIV Germany, Dr Ludger Breloh.
Dr Ludger Breloh, an agricultural economist, is the handling director of Seleggt GmbH, an associate regarding the Rewe Group. Seleggt GmbH, in cooperation aided by the University of Leipzig, has continued to develop the very first functional way for very very early sex recognition in hen eggs.
Aided by the Seleggt method, the sex of a young chicken may be determined into the egg. How can this work?
Our technique is better called an hormonal, meaning a hormone-based technique. We already fully know that gender-specific hormones, such as for example oestrone sulphate, are usually contained in the non-incubated egg and are also just created within the egg that is female.
To work on this, you’ve got to wait about nine days before the hormones are located in the egg in enough amount. Then we draw out a little fall of fluid through the egg, which we mix by having a marker that is biochemical.
This then suggests, by having a color modification, whether or not the sulphate that is oestrone current. Feminine eggs are then returned to your incubator and hatched, while male eggs are processed into animal feed.
Up to now, nonetheless, gender determination is not considered prepared for serial manufacturing, and just a supermarkets that are few these eggs. Exactly why is that?</p>
Within the last few 2 yrs, we’ve made progress that is incredible refining our technology. We are able to now analyse around 3,000 eggs each hour, per device.
But, the procedure has only been utilized in our in-house hatchery thus far. Our birds lay so-called Respeggt eggs, that are already offered in about 380 supermarkets in the greater Berlin area today. The fact these eggs just occur here, for the time being, is really because the number of laying hens remains workable.
Since February, but, we’ve been breeding on a russian bride more substantial scale, with about 20,000-30,000 young chickens that are female each week. The first generation will be old enough to lay their own eggs by the end of July. There after, I will be seeing an ever-increasing wide range of respeggt eggs available on the market. The Rewe Group has set it self the aim of attempting to sell these eggs in most its branches that are german the termination of this 12 months.
Beginning year that is next we shall then provide while making our technology offered to hatcheries. To start with, this is carried out in a way that is cost-neutral.
Respeggt eggs will, consequently, be slowly in the marketplace.
Cost-neutral could possibly mean that you first need certainly to make an advance re payment. Exactly why is that the actual situation?
Our enterprize model comes with supermarkets having to pay us a licence charge – but only if the very first eggs are for sale in supermarkets. We now have create a Respeggt logo to demonstrate the consumer that the eggs had been produced without killing young birds.
This might be a definite added value as supermarkets can then get this marketable. Just then, will they spend us a licence cost because we made the hatching eggs offered by the beginning of the supply string.
The consumer, therefore, would additionally help alleviate problems with young birds from being slaughtered considering that the cost of eggs is going to be somewhat increased.
What are the other options for the early detection of intercourse being developed?
Yes, other practices are now being investigated in eight or nine facilities global, including in Canada and Australia, but additionally in the universities of Munich and Dresden. We cannot say more info on these methods, because their development obviously occurs in today’s world.
In every full instance, i might welcome it if other procedures had been made available. I will be perhaps not just worried about your competitors, but additionally concerning the dilemma of killing young birds.
In all honesty, running the whole sector with an individual technology will be a severe challenge.
Is since your reach remains too tiny?
Yes. We be prepared to raise about 1.5 million young birds in our hatchery this season – that is merely a fall within the ocean if you think about that an overall total of 45 million young male chickens are now being gassed or shredded on a yearly basis.
Which means we shall desire a deal that is great time before reaching such high volumes. Just then will we have the ability to talk about a paradigm change. Rome had not been built per day.
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Once the Seleggt technology had been established, it absolutely was labelled being a bridging technology until other solutions had been discovered. A differnt one of those may be the use that is dual of. Could that function as future of chicken agriculture?
The simple fact that individuals also destroy an incredible number of young birds at all is just because we’ve been breeding 2 kinds of very optimised, excessively productive birds for decades: laying hens and broiler birds.
This is basically the only method we can create really cheap eggs and chicken meat. The rational objective, needless to say, is always to reproduce hens which have an excellent laying performance, while their brothers have high fattening performance. That seems like a jack-of-all-trades variety of unit which is just what it is.
As an agricultural scientist having a PhD in farming, i could inform you there are complementary properties that rule out of the possibility that a hen can both lay eggs productively, while additionally building muscle that is sufficient. Just one or even one other.
Nonetheless, i really hope that the reproduction businesses continue steadily to work intensively with this problem to ensure we now have a solution that is economically viable dual-use chickens.
Gender dedication methods are only a solution that is temporary it can truly be much more sustainable and in most of our passions whenever we could place a stop to the killing of young birds.
Edited by Zoran Radosavljevic
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